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"DYSPHAGIA is characterized by abnormality in the transfer of a bolus

                 from the mouth to the stomach."

                                          - Michael E. Groher

Dysphagia may manifest itself through: choking, coughing, tearing, sneezing, retching, feeling retention of food in the esophagus, spreading, odynophagia (painful swallowing).

The dysphagia may be impaired swallowing solid foods, foods fragmented, fluid until complete inability to swallow.